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KLIC Sessions: INFORMS 2007 PDF Print E-mail

Cluster: Technology Management  

 


Session Information : Sunday Nov 04, 13:30 - 15:00
Title: Knowledge, Learning, Intellectual Capital-I: Knowledge Systems

Chair: Charles Weber, Assistant Professor of Engineering and Technology Management, Portland State University, PO Box 751, Portland OR 97207, United States, This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it
 


Abstract Details
Title: Real-time Learning in Semiconductor Manufacturing

Presenting Author: Asser Fayed, Senior Staff Engineer, Cypress Semiconductor, This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it

Co-Author: Charles Weber, Assistant Professor, Portland State University - ETM, P.O. Box 751, Engineering and Technology Mangement, Portland OR 97207, United States, This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it

Abstract: The complexity of semiconductor manufacturing systems forces semiconductor manufacturers to manage product mix, cycle-time and throughput in near real time. Profitability depends upon accurate simulation of the cycle-time/throughput curve.

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Title: Scale, Scope and Learning in Technological Development

Presenting Author: Jeffrey Macher, Assistant Professor, Georgetown University, G-04 Old North, Washington DC 20057, United States of America, This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it

Abstract: This paper examines how knowledge resulting from firm experience and scale and scope economies affect performance in technological development. Knowledge that results from greater experience within a particular technological area, when combined with knowledge spillovers from greater scope in other technological areas, significantly improves development performance. The results suggest that experience shapes and facilitates firms’ abilities to absorb knowledge spillovers.

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Title: The Fragile Foundations of Regional Scientific Advantage?

Presenting Author: Jeffrey L. Furman,Boston University, 595 Commonwealth Ave - 653a, Boston MA 02215, United States, This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it

Co-Author: Fiona Murray, MIT-Sloan, MIT-Sloan, Cambridge MA, United States, This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it
Scott Stern, Northwestern U & NBER, Kellogg School of Management, Evanston IL, United States, This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it

Abstract: This paper evaluates the impact of restrictions on the use of embryonic stem cell lines in US Federally funded scientific research on the geography of scientific discovery. It exploits an exogenous shock to the process of step-by-step scientific discovery to assess the sensitivity of regional scientific agglomeration to a temporary revision in the knowledge production process.

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Title: Search and Coordination in Modular Systems: The Value of Temporary Integration

Presenting Author: Oliver Baumann, Research associate and Ph.D. candidate, Institute for Information, Organization and Management, LMU Munich, Ludwigstr. 28, Munich, Germany, This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it

Abstract: As complex systems are at best near-decomposable, distributed search in modular product and organizational systems requires coordination to account for inter-modular interdependencies. However, little systematic research exists on the contingencies and trade-offs involved. Using agent-based simulation, this paper shows that in the long run, temporary switches between module-level independence and system-level integration rather than constant coordination yield the highest overall performance.

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Session Information : Sunday Nov 04, 16:30 - 18:00
Title: Knowledge, Learning, Intellectual Capital-II: Human Learning

Chair: David Moore, Ph.D., KLICNET.ORG, The Knowledge, Learning and Intellectual Capital Network, 3788 Davidson Place, Boulder CO 80305, United States, This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it

Abstract Details
Title: Workforce Knowledge Management and the Investment in New Technology

Presenting Author: Cheryl Gaimon, Regents' Professor, Georgia Institute of Technology, College of Management, 800 West Peachtree Street, NW, Atlanta GA 30308-0520, United States of America, This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it

Co-Author: Karen Napoleon, University of Georgia, Department of Management, Brooks Hall, Athens GA 30602, United States of America, This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it Gulru Ozkan, Ph.D. Candidate in Operations Management, College of Management, Georgia Institute of Technology, 800 W. Peachtree St., NW, Atlanta GA 30308-0520, United States of America, This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it

Abstract: We demonstrate the importance of managing workforce knowledge when considering the purchase and implementation of a technology upgrade. We introduce a holistic treatment of how workforce knowledge changes over time including phenomena such as knowledge depreciation, forgetting and obsolescence. The manager invests in learning-before-doing to reduce the extent of workforce knowledge obsolescence that occurs at a technology upgrade.


Title:  Learning and Technology Adoption: A Structural and Behavioral Analysis

Presenting Author: Brent Zenobia, Doctoral Candidate, Portland State University, Engineering and Technology Managment, PO Box 751, Portland OR 97207, United States of America, This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it

Co-Author: Charles Weber, Assistant Professor of Engineering and Technology Management, Portland State University, PO Box 751, Portland OR 97207, United States, This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it

Abstract: What is the relationship between learning and technology adoption? A case study of alternative transit mode choice suggests that adoption is one member of a family of learning processes which also includes choice framing and technology selection. Structural and behavioral analysis is applied to uncover the properties, dimensions, and behavioral primitives of these processes. Technology adoption and selection are cognitively distinct mental processes with different information requirements.

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Title: Surgeon, Surgical Team and Surgery-recovery System Knowledge Generation and Learning in a Hospital

Presenting Author: David Moore,Ph.D., KLICNET.ORG, The Knowledge, Learning and Intellectual Capital Network, 3788 Davidson Place, Boulder CO 80305, United States, This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it

Co-Author: Nile Hatch,Marriott School - BYU, Provo UT 84602, United States of America, This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it

Abstract: Learning curves of surgeons, surgical teams and the surgery-recovery system of a hospital are analyzed using data collected over a five year period. We explore potential interactions between surgeons, surgical teams, and the surgery-recovery system learning processes. Interviews with surgeons, staff, unit managers and C-level administrators plus hundreds of hours of direct, protocol-guided observation provide foundations for designing empirical studies and interpreting empirical results.

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Title:  Cutting Your Teeth: Learning from Rare (One or More) Experiences

Presenting Author: Chuck Eesley, MIT Sloan, 50 Memorial Dr. E52-557, Cambridge 02139, United States, This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it

Co-Author: Edward B. Roberts, MIT Sloan, 50 Memorial Dr. E52-535, Cambridge MA 02139, United States, This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it

Abstract: We explore whether learning occurs from one or more complex experiences. We examine organizational and entrepreneurial founder characteristics to test hypotheses related to learning from small sets of prior experiences. We use data from survey responses of 964 entrepreneurs to assess performance of startup firms as a measure of outcomes produced by knowledge acquired from prior founding experience. Results indicate substantial performance benefits from small sets of prior experience.

 


Session Information : Tuesday Nov 06, 13:30 - 15:00
Title: Knowledge, Learning, Intellectual Capital-III: Knowledge-Based Views
 
Chair:
Nile Hatch,Marriott School - BYU, Provo UT 84602, United States of America, This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it


Abstract Details
Title: The Role of Key Architects in Influencing Technology Trajectories

Presenting Author: Erica Fuchs, Post-Doctoral Fellow, M.I.T., 73 Magazine Street, Apartment 401, Cambridge MA 02139, United States of America, This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it

Abstract: The results of a study of the social processes that influence innovation trajectories in microprocessors suggest that small elite cliques (informal networks) of “key architects” act to coordinate innovation across the various stages of the technology pipeline. The paper also discusses how the five leading microprocessor firms have to bring fringe technological communities into the established social framework to achieve radical architectural and technological change.

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Title: Technological Development at the Boundaries of the Firm

Presenting Author: Jeffrey Macher, Assistant Professor, Georgetown University, G-04 Old North, Washington DC 20057, United States of America, This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it

Abstract: This paper examines how the knowledge-based view can be applied to firm boundary decisions and the performance implications of those decisions. A theoretical and empirical examination of how firms efficiently organize for technological development is conducted. Particular organization approaches are superior, depending on the structure of problems and the depth of technological area experience. Semiconductor manufacturing and pharmaceutical drug development serve as the empirical settings.

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Title: Quality of Group-tacit Knowledge and Its Relation to Socialization Speed

Presenting Author: Zeynep Erden, ETH Zurich, SMI, KPL G13, Kreuzplatz 5, Zurich, Switzerland, This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it

Co-Author: Ikujiro Nonaka,Professor of Strategy, Hitotsubashi University (ICS), 2-1-2 Hitotsubashi, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo To 101-8439, Japan, This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it Georg von Krogh,Professor, ETH Zürich, Kreuzplatz 5, KPL G 13, Zürich ZH CH-8032, Switzerland, This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it

Abstract: Abstract: In this article we review some of the central elements in organizational knowledge creation theory, define „quality of group-tacit knowledge“ and develop a model explaining the relationship between socialization speed, quality of tacit knowledge shared, and the factors that impact socialization speed. As the basis for our model development, we use the SECI model from organizational knowledge creation theory (Nonaka, 1994).

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Title: Venturing with Novel Ideas: Using the Transformation Heuristic to Learn Not to Fall

Presenting Author: Tony Briggs, Boston University School of Management, 595 Commonwealth Ave., Boston MA 02215, United States of America, This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it

Co-Author: Paul Carlile, Associate Professor, Boston University, 595 Commonwealth Ave, MA, United States of America, This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it

Abstract: How do entrepreneurs make investment decisions within minutes of hearing of a novel idea? We find that high performing entrepreneurs: (1) share a high volume of ideas, (2) fail ideas from very limited criteria, and (3) quickly fail most ideas without significant investments in information gathering. They select ideas which, independent of their evaluative criteria, share a particular aesthetic for transformation. We describe the use of this aesthetic as the transformation heuristic.

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Session Information : Tuesday Nov 06, 16:30 - 18:00
Title: Knowledge, Learning, Intellectual Capital-IV: Knowledge Horizons

Chair: Erica Fuchs, Post-Doctoral Fellow, M.I.T., 73 Magazine Street, Apartment 401, Cambridge MA 02139, United States of America, This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it


Abstract Details
Title: Interaction Effects of Knowledge Component Interdependence and Uncertainty on R&D Scope

Presenting Author: Sebastian Fixson, MIT Sloan School of Management, 30 Wadsworth St, E53-343, Cambridge MA 02142, United States of America, This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it

Co-Author: Won Hee Lee,University of Michigan, 1205 Beal Avenue, Ann Arbor MI 48109, United States of America, This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it

Abstract: With this paper we investigate how firms change their R&D scope as a response to changes of technological uncertainty. We suggest that the relationship between technological uncertainty and R&D scope is moderated by the interdependence of knowledge components in a product. In an empirical study we find that the decrease of firms' R&D scope with increasing uncertainty is much stronger in high component interdependence regimes than in regimes of low component interdependence.


Title: Fuzzy Cognitive Maps for Decision Making and Learning in New Product Development Teams

Presenting Author: Antonie Jetter, Assistant Professor, Portland State University, PO Box 751, Eng. & Tech. Management, Portland OR 97207, United States of America, This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it

Abstract: In the early planning stages of a new product, decision-makers need to make sense of a multitude of mainly qualitative, uncertain and oftentimes contradicting information about future business environments. Fuzzy Cognitive Maps (FCMs) are a powerful means to elicit qualitative expert knowledge, to translate it into quantitative models of business scenarios, and to learn about interdependencies and dynamic properties of the business environment.

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Title: Innovation in the Life Science: Impact of IP Right on Scientific Knowledge Diffusion, Growth and Use

Presenting Author: Kenneth Huang, Assistant Professor of Management, Singapore Management University, Lee Kong Chian School of Business, 50 Stamford Rd. #05-01, Singapore SG 178899, Singapore, This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it

Abstract: I examine the role of patenting in life sciences addressing: (1) the impact of institutional IP policies on knowledge dissemination, utilization and commercialization; (2) the unique attributes of life science innovations captured by patents generated under different institutional settings; and (3) how patenting impacts rate and trajectories of knowledge accumulation.


Title: Data Analytics or Business Analytics? Knowledge and Learning in Complex Enterprise Systems

Presenting Author: Ram Akella, Professor and Director of Information Systems and Technology Management, Jack Baskin School of Engineering, UC Santa Cruz, Mailstop: SOE2, 1156 High St., Santa Cruz, CA 95064, This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it

Abstract: None entered

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Last Updated ( Wednesday, 13 February 2008 )
 
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