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KLIC Sessions - INFORMS 2004 PDF Print E-mail

Cluster: Technology Management


Session Information: Sunday Oct 24, 2004, 08:00 - 09:30 AM

Session Details
Title:Organizational Learning and Knowledge Management-I
Chair:   Anita Tucker, Assistant Professor, University of Pennsylvania, 551 Jon M.
Huntsman Hall, 3730 Walnut Street, Philadelphia PA 19104-6340, United States, This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it
.
 
Abstract Details
Title:Innovative Knowledge Creation Management for R&D Organizations
Presenting Author: Kiyoshi Niwa, Professor, The University of Tokyo, Komaba 3-8-1, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 153-8902, Japan, This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it
Abstract:This paper discusses three methods for innovative knowledge/concepts creation. The first involves a method to create new knowledge relationships by combining tacit human knowledge and explicit computer knowledge. The second involves the empowerment of concept creators separated from project execution to create discontinuous concepts. The third method involves innovation initiatives to allow direct communications between top executives and researches at corporate education centers.
 
Title:A Production Economic Framework for Modeling Learning by Watching and Doing
Presenting Author: David Moore, Assistant Professor, Colorado School of Mines, Economics and Business, 816 15th St., Golden CO 80401, United States, This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it
Abstract:Production economics provides the building blocks for an optimization-based system that accelerates knowledge transfer to exploit an observed technology. The system automatically identifies opportunities to transfer knowledge within the scope of observation. Increasing the number of variables observed increases the relevant knowledge identified without negatively impacting the problem of estimating production correspondences. Semiconductor manufacturing applications inspired this framework.
 
Title:The Dynamics of Learning by Doing under Constraints
Presenting Author: Brad Morrison, MIT Sloan School of Management, 50 Memorial Drive E53-339, Cambridge MA 02142, United States, This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it
Co-Author: Nelson Repenning, MIT-Sloan, United States, This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it
Abstract:Production economics provides the building blocks for an optimization-based system that accelerates knowledge transfer to exploit an observed technology. The system automatically identifies opportunities to transfer knowledge within the scope of observation. Increasing the number of variables observed increases the relevant knowledge identified without negatively impacting the problem of estimating production correspondences. Semiconductor manufacturing applications inspired this framework.
 
Title:Outsourcing: Enabler or Inhibitor of Innovation? Evidence from the Semiconductor Industry
Presenting Author: Marcin Strojwas, Doctoral Candidate, Harvard Business School, Soldiers Field Rd., Boston MA, United States, This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it
 
Abstract:What types of projects are being outsourced and how do they perform? I examine this question with data from 461 chip projects. I find that vertically integrated firms possess distinct advantages when they outsource manufacturing on a leading edge product while specialized design firms possess efficiency advantages on projects that utilize more mature technologies. I isolate which effects are due to a single firm possessing integrated internal design and manufacturing 1)EXPERTISE vs 2)CONTROL.

 

Session Information: Sunday Oct 24, 2004, 10:00 - 11:30 AM

Session Details
Title:Organizational Learning and Knowledge Management-II
Chair:   Charles Weber, Assistant Professor, Portland State University, P.O. Box 751, Portland OR 97207, United States, This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it
 
Abstract Details
Title:Organizational Learning Curves for Customer Dissatisfaction: Heterogeneity across Airlines
Presenting Author: Michael Lapré, Vanderbilt University, Owen Graduate School of Management, 401 21st Avenue South, Nashville TN 37203, United States, This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it
Co-Author: Nikos Tsikriktsis, London Business School, Regent's Park, London NW1 4SA, United Kingdom, This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it
Abstract:Does customer dissatisfaction follow a learning-curve pattern? With complaint data against the 10 major US airlines, we test H1: complaint rates follow a U-shaped function of experience, H2: focused airlines learn faster to reduce complaint rates than full-service airlines, and H3: organizational learning curves for complaint rates are heterogeneous across airlines. H1 and H3 are supported, H2 is rejected. We extend a knowledge-based view of managing learning curves from factories to airlines.
 
Title:Outsourcing: Enabler or Inhibitor of Innovation? Evidence from the Semiconductor Industry
Presenting Author: Ingrid Nembhard, Doctoral Candidate, Harvard University, Morgan Hall T-20, Soldiers Field Road, Boston MA 02163, United States, This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it
Co-Author: Richard Bohmer, Assistant Professor, Harvard University, Morgan Hall T-15, Boston MA 02163, United States, This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it
Amy Edmondson, Associate Professor, Harvard University, Morgan Hall T-93, Soldiers Field, Boston MA 02163, United States, This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it
Laura Feldman, Research Associate, Harvard University, Connell House, Soldiers Field Road, Boston MA 02163, United States, This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it
Anita Tucker, Assistant Professor, University of Pennsylvania, 551 Jon M. Huntsman Hall, 3730 Walnut Street, Philadelphia PA 19104-6340, United States, This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it
Abstract:We present data from 23 neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) that collaboratively developed 93 guidelines for improving care in one of seven areas (i.e. infection, pain control, etc.). We examine speed of implementation-how fast the NICUs changed their practices in accordance with these guidelines. Specifically, we test whether focus-undertaking fewer changes or limiting changes to a targeted area-resulted in faster implementation, controlling for organizational factors such as leadership.
 
Title:Orchestrated Learning in Highly Differentiated Organizations
Presenting Author: Charles Weber, Assistant Professor, Portland State University, P.O. Box 751, Portland OR 97207, United States, This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it
 
Abstract:An empirically grounded model of the VLSI circuit manufacturing lifecycle indicates that organizational performance constitutes a delayed reward for prolonged continuous improvement efforts, which occur at the subsystem level and are not reflected in organization-level metrics. By coordinating the activities of subsystems, organizations can orchestrate timed, punctuated surges in organizational performance, which tend to occur years after they have been planned.
 

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